Copper selenide is of recent interest as a high-performance p-type thermoelectric material. Adding Ag to copper selenide increases the dimensionless figure-of-merit zT up to 780 K, with Cu1.97Ag0.03Se reaching a zT of 1.0 at 870 K. The increase compared with Cu2Se can be explained by analyzing the Hall carrier concentration and effective mass. Addition of Ag reduces the carrier concentration to a nearly optimum value at high temperature. If the Hall carrier concentration were to be further reduced to 6.6 × 1020 cm-3 at 750 K, the average zT would be substantially improved for waste heat recovery applications.
- Carrier concentration optimization
- Copper selenide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Materials Chemistry