High-Valent Metal–Oxo Species at the Nodes of Metal–Triazolate Frameworks: The Effects of Ligand Exchange and Two-State Reactivity for C−H Bond Activation

Andrew S. Rosen, Justin M Notestein*, Randall Q. Snurr

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Through quantum-chemical calculations, we investigate a family of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) containing triazolate linkers, M2X2(BBTA) (M=metal, X=bridging anion, H2BBTA=1H,5H-benzo(1,2-d:4,5-d′)bistriazole), for their ability to form terminal metal–oxo sites and subsequently activate the C−H bond of methane. By varying the metal and bridging anion in the framework, we show how to significantly tune the reactivity of this series of MOFs. The electronic structure of the metal–oxo active site is analyzed for each combination of metal and bridging ligand, and we find that spin density localized on the oxo ligand is not an inherent requirement for low C−H activation barriers. For the Mn- and Fe-containing frameworks, a transition from ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic coupling between the metal binding site and terminal oxo ligand during the C−H activation process can greatly reduce the kinetic barrier, a unique case of two-state reactivity without a change in the net spin multiplicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • C−H activation
  • density functional theory
  • ligand exchange
  • metal–organic framework
  • spin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

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