Hippocampal subfield surface deformity in nonsemantic primary progressive aphasia

Adam Christensen*, Kathryn Alpert, Emily Rogalski, Derin Cobia, Julia Rao, Mirza Faisal Beg, Sandra Weintraub, M. Marsel Mesulam, Lei Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Alzheimer neuropathology is found in almost half of patients with nonsemantic primary progressive aphasia (PPA). This study examined hippocampal abnormalities in PPA to determine similarities to those described in amnestic Alzheimer disease. Methods: In 37 PPA patients and 32 healthy controls, we generated hippocampal subfield surface maps from structural magnetic resonance images and administered a face memory test. We analyzed group and hemisphere differences for surface shape measures and their relationship with test scores and APOE genotype. Results: The hippocampus in PPA showed inward deformity (CA1 and subiculum subfields) and outward deformity (CA2-4 + dentate gyrus subfield) and smaller left than right volumes. Memory performance was related to hippocampal shape abnormalities in PPA patients, but not controls, even in the absence of memory impairments. Conclusions: Hippocampal deformity in PPA is related to memory test scores. This may reflect a combination of intrinsic degenerative phenomena with transsynaptic or Wallerian effects of neocortical neuronal loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-23
Number of pages10
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease (AD)
  • Frontotemporal dementia
  • Lobar degeneration
  • Memory
  • Multiatlas mapping
  • Neuroanatomy
  • Primary progressive aphasia (PPA)
  • Structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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