Histological composition of retrieved emboli in acute ischemic stroke is independent of pre-thrombectomy alteplase use

Waleed Brinjikji*, Mehdi Abbasi, Oana Madalina Mereuta, Seán Fitzgerald, Jorge Arturo Larco, Daying Dai, Ramanathan Kadirvel, Raul G. Nogueira, Peter Kvamme, Kennith F. Layton, Josser E. Delgado, Ricardo A. Hanel, Vitor M. Pereira, Mohammed A. Almekhlafi, Albert J. Yoo, Babak S. Jahromi, Matthew J. Gounis, Biraj M. Patel, Luis E. Savastano, Harry J. CloftDiogo C. Haussen, Alhamza Al-Bayati, Mahmoud Mohammaden, Leonardo Pisani, Gabriel Rodrigues, Ike C. Thacker, Yasha Kayan, Alexander Z. Copelan, Amin Aghaebrahim, Eric Sauvageau, Andrew M. Demchuk, Parita Bhuva, Jazba Soomro, Pouya Nazari, Donald Robert Cantrell, Ajit S. Puri, Karen M. Doyle, John Entwistle, David F. Kallmes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background and purpose: Given recent evidence suggesting the clot composition may be associated with revascularization outcomes and stroke etiology, clot composition research has been a topic of growing interest. It is currently unclear what effect, if any, pre-thrombectomy thrombolysis has on clot composition. Understanding this association is important as it is a potential confounding variable in clot composition research. We retrospectively evaluated the composition of retrieved clots from ischemic stroke patients who did and did not receive pre-treatment tPA to study the effect of tPA on clot composition. Materials and methods: Consecutive patients enrolled in the Stroke Thromboembolism Registry of Imaging and Pathology (STRIP) were included in this study. All patients underwent mechanical thrombectomy and retrieved clots were sent to a central core lab for processing. Histological analysis was performed using Martius Scarlett Blue (MSB) staining and area of the clot was also measured on the gross photos. Student's t test was used for continuous variables and chi-squared test for categorical variables. Results: A total of 1430 patients were included in this study. Mean age was 68.4±13.5 years. Overall rate of TICI 2c/3 was 67%. A total of 517 patients received tPA (36%) and 913 patients did not (64%). Mean RBC density for the tPA group was 42.97±22.62% compared to 42.80±23.18% for the non-tPA group (P=0.89). Mean WBC density for the tPA group was 3.74±2.60% compared to 3.42±2.21% for the non-tPA group (P=0.012). Mean fibrin density for the tPA group was 26.52±15.81% compared to 26.53±15.34% for the non-tPA group (P=0.98). Mean platelet density for the tPA group was 26.22±18.60% compared to 26.55±19.47% for the non-tPA group (P=0.75). tPA group also had significantly smaller clot area compared to non-tPA group. Conclusions: Our study 1430 retrieved emboli and ischemic stroke patients shows no interaction between tPA administration and clot composition. These findings suggest that tPA does not result in any histological changes in clot composition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106376
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2022


  • Clot composition
  • Stroke
  • Thrombectomy
  • r-TPA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Surgery


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