Context: Histone modifications regulate gene expression; dysregulation has been linked with cardiovascular diseases. Associations between histone modification levels and blood pressure in humans are unclear. Objective: We examine the relationship between global histone concentrations and various markers of blood pressure. Materials and methods: Using the Beijing Truck Driver Air Pollution Study, we investigated global peripheral white blood cell histone modifications (H3K9ac, H3K9me3, H3K27me3, and H3K36me3) associations with pre- and post-work measurements of systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure, mean arterial pressure (MAP), and pulse pressure (PP) using multivariable mixed-effect models. Results: H3K9ac was negatively associated with pre-work SBP and MAP; H3K9me3 was negatively associated with pre-work SBP, DBP, and MAP; and H3K27me3 was negatively associated with pre-work SBP. Among office workers, H3K9me3 was negatively associated with pre-work SBP, DBP, and MAP. Among truck drivers, H3K9ac and H3K27me were negatively associated with pre-work SBP, and H3K27me3 was positively associated with post-work PP. Discussion and conclusion: Epigenome-wide H3K9ac, H3K9me3, and H3K27me3 were negatively associated with multiple pre-work blood pressure measures. These associations substantially changed during the day, suggesting an influence of daily activities. Blood-based histone modification biomarkers are potential candidates for studies requiring estimations of morning/pre-work blood pressure.
- blood pressure
- histone modifications
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis