Histopathologic Features and Clinical Outcome of Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma with a Minor Anaplastic Component

Kristine S. Wong, Jochen H. Lorch, Erik K. Alexander, Ellen Marqusee, Nancy L. Cho, Matthew A. Nehs, Gerard M. Doherty, Justine A. Barletta*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although prior studies have reported that patients with anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) with a focal anaplastic component may have a prolonged survival compared to other ATC patients, the outcome data are limited. We evaluated a cohort of ATC resected between 2003 and 2018. Tumor slides were reviewed to confirm the diagnosis and to identify cases with a minor ATC component (defined as comprising < 10% of the tumor). We evaluated the clinical outcome of these patients compared to that of all other cohort patients (characterized as having conventional ATC). Our cohort was composed of 24 cases of ATC that underwent resection, including 8 (33%) with a minor ATC component. Tumors with a minor ATC component were predominantly associated with papillary thyroid carcinoma. For patients with tumors with a minor ATC component, the 1-year and 2-year survival rates and median survival for patients who died of disease were 88%, 43%, and 17 months (range 6–73 months), respectively. In comparison, for patients with conventional ATC, the 1-year and 2-year survival rates and median survival for patients who died of disease were 56%, 44%, and 7 months (range 2–26 months), respectively. There was no difference in 1- and 2-year survival or overall survival by Kaplan-Meier analysis for patients with tumors with a minor ATC component and those with conventional ATC. In conclusion, the difference in overall survival between ATC groups in our cohort was not significant; however, this could be due to the small cohort size or due to characteristics of our group with a minor ATC component; that is, no tumors in this group were limited to the thyroid (stage IVA), resectability with negative margins was infrequent, and 38% of this group had distant metastases at diagnosis (stage IVC).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-290
Number of pages8
JournalEndocrine Pathology
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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