Histrelin Implants for Suppression of Puberty in Youth with Gender Dysphoria: A Comparison of 50 mcg/Day (Vantas) and 65 mcg/Day (SupprelinLA)

Johanna Olson-Kennedy*, Laer H. Streeter, Robert Garofalo, Yee Ming Chan, Stephen M. Rosenthal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Development of incongruent secondary sex characteristics in transgender youth can intensify or trigger the onset of gender dysphoria. Guidelines from professional organizations recommend gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists, including histrelin implants (Vantas and SupprelinLA) to suppress endogenous puberty. Although Vantas does not have a pediatric indication, it is anecdotally being used in pediatric gender centers throughout the United States because of its substantially lower cost. This retrospective study aimed to determine if both implants were effective in suppressing the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in early-to-mid pubertal youth with gender dysphoria. Methods: Youth with gender dysphoria receiving care at the Center for Transyouth Health and Development at Children's Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) or participants from an ongoing observational trial with a histrelin implant placed for pubertal suppression at Tanner stage 2 or 3 were included. Sex steroid (testosterone or estradiol) and gonadotropin measurements at baseline (T0) and then 2 to 12 months following implant placement (T1) were abstracted from medical records. Results: Of the 66 eligible participants, 52% were designated female at birth. Most participants were white (60.6%). Twenty participants (30.3%) had a Vantas implant and 46 (69.7%) had a SupprelinLA implant. Mean age of insertion was 11.3 years. Gonadotropin and sex steroid levels were significantly decreased at T1 (2-12 months after insertion of implant), with no differences between implants. Conclusion: These results indicate that both implants are effective in suppressing puberty in early-to-mid pubertal youth with gender dysphoria. These data may inform decisions about insurance coverage of Supprelin and/or Vantas for youth with gender dysphoria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-42
Number of pages7
JournalTransgender Health
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • gender dysphoria
  • puberty blockers
  • puberty suppression
  • transgender youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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