HIV and coronary arterial remodeling from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS)

P. Elliott Miller, Sabina A. Haberlen, Thomas Metkus, Panteha Rezaeian, Frank Palella, Lawrence A. Kingsley, Mallory D. Witt, Richard T. George, Lisa P. Jacobson, Todd T. Brown, Matthew Budoff, Wendy S. Post*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Positive remodeling (PR), a coronary artery characteristic associated with risk for myocardial infarction (MI), may be more prevalent in HIV-infected (HIV+) people. We evaluated the prevalence of PR using coronary CT angiography (CCTA) in HIV+ and HIV-uninfected (HIV-) men. Methods: Men enrolled in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study underwent CCTA if they were 40-70 years, had normal kidney function and no history of coronary revascularization. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) of PR by HIV serostatus, adjusting for demographics and coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors. Analysis of PR among atherosclerotic segments further adjusted for plaque type and stenosis. Results: The prevalence of PR was 8.4% versus 12.1% (p=0.10) for HIV- and HIV+men, respectively. After demographic adjustment, HIV+men had twice the odds of PR [OR 2.01(95% CI 1.20-3.38)], which persisted after CAD risk factor adjustment [1.76(1.00-3.10)]. Higher systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, diabetes medication use, older age, segment number with plaque present, mixed and non-calcified plaque, and stenosis>50%, were associated with increased odds of PR, while higher HDL cholesterol, higher nadir CD4 count, and black race were associated with lower PR odds. Among atherosclerotic segments, the association between HIV infection and PR persisted, but was not statistically significantly. Conclusion: HIV+men have more positively remodeled arterial segments, which may be due to more coronary segments with atherosclerosis or HIV-related immunosuppression. Further studies are needed to evaluate whether PR contributes to higher rates of MI in HIV+individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)716-722
Number of pages7
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume241
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Coronary disease
  • Epidemiology
  • Imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Miller, P. E., Haberlen, S. A., Metkus, T., Rezaeian, P., Palella, F., Kingsley, L. A., Witt, M. D., George, R. T., Jacobson, L. P., Brown, T. T., Budoff, M., & Post, W. S. (2015). HIV and coronary arterial remodeling from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS). Atherosclerosis, 241(2), 716-722. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2015.06.022