HIV Knowledge Among a Longitudinal Cohort of Juvenile Detainees in an Urban Setting

Charbel El Bcheraoui, Xinjian Zhang, Leah J. Welty, Karen M. Abram, Linda A. Teplin, Madeline Y. Sutton*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The authors investigated HIV knowledge change among a cohort of juvenile detainees. Participants completed an HIV knowledge survey at baseline and up to 4 more times over 6 years. The authors calculated knowledge scores; the time serial trend of scores was modeled using generalized estimating equations. A baseline survey was completed by 798 participants, ages 14 to 18 years; mean HIV knowledge scores ranged from 11.4 to 14.1 (maximum score = 18). Males had significantly lower HIV knowledge scores than females at baseline only. Over time, Hispanic participants had significantly lower scores than non-Hispanic Black and non-Hispanic White participants. Overall, HIV knowledge increased but was still suboptimal 5 years after baseline. These findings suggest the need to develop and strengthen HIV prevention education programs in youth detention settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112-124
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Correctional Health Care
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 20 2015


  • AIDS
  • HIV
  • detainees
  • knowledge
  • youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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