Homogenization coarse graining (HCG) of the lattice discrete particle model (LDPM) for the analysis of reinforced concrete structures

Erol Lale, Roozbeh Rezakhani, Mohammed Alnaggar, Gianluca Cusatis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


In this study, a coarse-graining framework for discrete models is formulated on the basis of multiscale homogenization. The discrete model considered in this paper is the Lattice Discrete Particle Model (LDPM), which simulates concrete at the level of coarse aggregate pieces. In LDPM, the size of the aggregate particles follows the actual particle size distribution that is used in experiment to produce concrete specimens. Consequently, modeling large structural systems entirely with LDPM leads to a significant number of degrees of freedom and is not feasible with the currently available computational resources. To overcome this limitation, this paper proposes the formulation of a coarse-grained model obtained by (1) increasing the actual size of the particles in the finescale model by a specific coarsening factor and (2) calibrating the parameters of the coarse grained model by best fitting the macroscopic, average response of the coarse grained model to the corresponding fine scale one for different loading conditions. A Representative Volume Element (RVE) of LDPM is employed to obtain the macroscopic response of the fine scale and coarse grained models through a homogenization procedure. Accuracy and efficiency of the developed coarse graining method is verified by comparing the response of fine scale and coarse grained simulations of several reinforced concrete structural systems in terms of both accuracy of the results and computational cost.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-277
Number of pages19
JournalEngineering Fracture Mechanics
StatePublished - Jun 15 2018


  • Coarse-graining
  • Concrete
  • Fracture
  • Homogenization
  • Lattice model
  • Multi-scale
  • Parameter identification
  • Particle model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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