This paper presents the derivation of the homogenized equations for the macroscopic response of elastic dielectric composites containing space charges (i.e., electric source terms) that oscillate rapidly at the length scale of the microstructure. The derivation is carried out in the setting of small deformations and moderate electric fields by means of a two-scale asymptotic analysis. Two types of rapidly oscillating space charges are considered: passive and active. The latter type corresponds to space charges that appear within the composite in response to externally applied electrical stimuli, while the former corresponds to space charges that are present within the composite from the outset. The obtained homogenized equations reveal that the presence of (passive or active) space charges within elastic dielectric composites can have a significant and even dominant effect on their macroscopic response, possibly leading to extreme behaviors ranging from unusually large permittivities and electrostriction coefficients to metamaterial-type properties featuring negative permittivities. These results suggest a promising strategy to design deformable dielectric composites|such as electrets and dielectric elastomer composites|with exceptional electromechanical properties.
- Dielectric elastomer composites
- Multiscale asymptotic expansions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Mathematics