Hormones and Gender: Hormones and Epilepsy

C. S. Woolley*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


Seizures that fluctuate with the menstrual cycle, or catamenial seizures, occur in about one-third of women with epilepsy. There are three patterns of catamenial epilepsy. In each, seizure frequency increases when circulating estrogen is high and progesterone is low. Animal studies consistently show that progesterone is anticonvulsant, whereas estrogen can be either pro- or anticonvulsant - depending on the duration of hormone exposure and brain areas involved. Understanding the cellular and circuit level mechanisms by which progesterone and estrogen influence excitatory glutamatergic, inhibitory GABAergic, and neuropeptidergic systems in seizure-prone neural circuits can help to identify targets for new antiseizure therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Basic Epilepsy Research
PublisherElsevier Inc
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9780123739612
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009


  • Allopregnanolone
  • Axonal bouton
  • Catamenial epilepsy
  • Electron microscopy
  • Electrophysiology
  • Estradiol
  • Glutamate
  • Hippocampus
  • Kainic acid
  • Menstrual cycle
  • Neuropeptide Y
  • Progesterone
  • Synapse
  • γ-Amino butyric acid (GABA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)


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