Hospital-level cardiovascular management practices in kerala, india: A cross-sectional study

Sang Gune K. Yoo, Divin Davies, Padinhare P. Mohanan, Abigail S. Baldridge, Prakash M. Charles, Mark Schumacher, Sandeep Bhalla, Raji Devarajan, Lisa R. Hirschhorn, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Mark D. Huffman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: Hospital management practices are associated with cardiovascular process of care measures and patient outcomes. However, management practices related to acute cardiac care in India has not been studied. Methods and Results: We measured management practices through semistructured, in-person interviews with hospital administrators, physician managers, and nurse managers in Kerala, India between October and November 2017 using the adapted World Management Survey. Trained interviewers independently scored management interview responses (range: 1-5) to capture management practices ranging from performance data tracking to setting targets. We performed univariate regression analyses to assess the relationship between hospital-level factors and management practices. Using Pearson correlation coefficients and mixed-effect logistic regression models, we explored the relationship between management practices and 30-day major adverse cardiovascular events defined as all-cause mortality, reinfarction, stroke, or major bleeding. Ninety managers from 37 hospitals participated. We found suboptimal management practices across 3 management levels (mean [SD]: 2.1 [0.5], 2.0 [0.3], and 1.9 [0.3] for hospital administrators, physician managers, and nurse managers, respectively [P=0.08]) with lowest scores related to setting organizational targets. Hospitals with existing healthcare quality accreditation, more cardiologists, and private ownership were associated with higher management scores. In our exploratory analysis, higher physician management practice scores related to operation, performance, and target management were correlated with lower 30-day major adverse cardiovascular event. Conclusions: Management practices related to acute cardiac care in participating Kerala hospitals were suboptimal but were correlated with clinical outcomes. We identified opportunities to strengthen nonclinical practices to improve patient care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere005251
JournalCirculation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2019


  • acute coronary syndrome
  • hospital administrators
  • infarction
  • leadership
  • organization and administration
  • patient care
  • quality improvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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