Hostility, anger, aggressiveness, and coronary heart disease: An interpersonal perspective on personality, emotion, and health

Timothy W. Smith*, Kelly Glazer, John M. Ruiz, Linda C. Gallo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

325 Scopus citations

Abstract

The related traits of hostility, anger, and aggressiveness have long been suggested as risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). Our prior review of this literature (Smith, 1992) found both considerable evidence in support of this hypothesis and important limitations that precluded firm conclusions. In the present review, we discuss recent research on the assessment of these traits, their association with CHD and longevity, and mechanisms possibly underlying the association. In doing so, we illustrate the value of the interpersonal tradition in personality psychology (Sullivan, 1953; Leary, 1957; Carson, 1969; Kiesler, 1996) for not only research on the health consequences of hostility, anger, and aggressiveness, but also for the general study of the effects of emotion, personality and other psychosocial characteristics on physical health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1217-1270
Number of pages54
JournalJournal of Personality
Volume72
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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