How Autogynephilic Are Natal Females?

J. Michael Bailey*, Kevin J. Hsu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Blanchard proposed that autogynephilia is a natal male’s paraphilic sexual arousal in response to the thought or fantasy of being a woman. Furthermore, based on evidence collected from natal males with gender dysphoria, Blanchard argued that autogynephilia is the fundamental motivation among nonhomosexual males (i.e., those not exclusively attracted to men) who pursue sex reassignment surgery or live as transgender women. These ideas have been challenged by several writers who have asserted, or offered evidence, that autogynephilia is common among women. However, their evidence was weakened by problematic measures and limited comparison groups. We compared four samples of autogynephilic natal males (N = 1549), four samples of non-autogynephilic natal males (N = 1339), and two samples of natal females (N = 500), using Blanchard’s original measure: the Core Autogynephilia Scale. The autogynephilic samples had much higher mean scores compared with non-autogynephilic natal males and natal females, who were similar. Our findings refute the contention that autogynephilia is common among natal females.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3311-3318
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Sexual Behavior
Volume51
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Autogynephilia
  • Females
  • Paraphilias
  • Sex differences
  • Transgender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

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