How Consistent are International Rotations Between Plastic Surgery Training Programs?

Narainsai K. Reddy, Daniel C. Sasson*, James R. Wester, Arun K. Gosain

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Institutional partnerships between plastic surgery residency programs in the United States and providers in low- and middle-income countries can serve as bilateral and longitudinal capacity-building relationships. In the United States, obtaining approval for international rotations by a home institution and national review committee is highly encouraged but not required before resident international engagement. Acquiring approval at the institutional level is the first step to allow trainees to participate in international rotations on elective time rather than on vacation time. National approval through the American Council of Graduate Medical Education and American Board of Plastic Surgery allows cases to count toward the resident's yearly case log. Methods: All 101 integrated and independent plastic surgery program directors/coordinators were asked to participate. The survey identified the requirements and details of existing international rotations. Results: In total, 57 programs responded (56% response rate) to the survey. An estimated 54% of all programs offered international rotations to their residents, and 94% of these programs obtained institutional approval. Additionally, 69% of these programs have received national approval. Conclusions: Institutional requirements for programs to provide international rotations vary significantly across institutions, which results in disparate experiences for residents and poses potential risks to international partners. This study will help promote transparency regarding international rotation requirements and better equip faculty to enhance international rotations that cater to the needs of the institution, residents, and most importantly, the host countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E4906
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 5 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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