How do places matter? The geography of opportunity, self-efficacy, and a look inside the black box of residential mobility

James E. Rosenbaum, Lisa Reynolds, Stefanie DeLuca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Scopus citations

Abstract

The culture of poverty model implies that low-income individuals who acquired a low sense of efficacy will retain it, while the geography of opportunity model implies that that they will change if their opportunities improve. The Gautreaux Program moves low-income black families to the city or suburbs in a quasi-random procedure. Participants who moved to higher SES neighbourhoods had higher efficacy and felt safer, which mediated the neighbourhood effects on efficacy. This paper examines which experiences participants identify as having an influence on their sense of efficacy, and the ways those experiences have these effects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-82
JournalHousing Studies
Volume17
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

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