Several studies have pointed out that basal ganglia are involved in adaptive control of action at both motor and cognitive level. This study aimed to investigate how basal ganglia retrieve and manage script event knowledge required in planning behavior. Script event knowledge was investigated in patients with Parkinson's Disease using three kinds of activity that differed in familiarity. Unlike patients with prefrontal lesions, patients with Parkinson's Disease were able to order events in a typical sequence and obeyed the boundaries and hierarchies between events. In contrast, patients with Parkinson's Disease were impaired in evaluating how important each script event was within the context of goal-oriented planning activity. Our findings indicate that the prefrontal cortex and the basal ganglia are differentially involved in planning. The role of the basal ganglia might consist in providing a feedback about the goodness of each action while building up meaningful sequences of events during learning.
- Basal ganglia
- Frontal lobe
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Cognitive Neuroscience