How socioeconomic disadvantages get under the skin and into the brain to influence health development across the lifespan

Pilyoung Kim*, Gary W. Evans, Edith Chen, Gregory Miller, Teresa Seeman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Socioeconomic disadvantage (SED) has adverse impacts on physical (Adler and Rehkopf 2008; Blair and Raver 2012; Braverman and Egerter 2008; Cohen et al. 2010; Poulton et al. 2002) and psychological (Adler and Rehkopf 2008; Bradley and Corwyn 2002; Grant et al. 2003) health development. SED is similar to low socioeconomic status (SES) which is based on occupation, income, and education or a composite of more than one of these indicators (McLoyd 1998). However, we conceptualize SED more broadly than socioeconomic status to also include subjective perception of social position and contextual indicators of disadvantage, such as neighborhood deprivation. One of the most commonly used SED indicators is poverty, which is calculated using income that falls below an annually adjusted federal poverty line. Some studies suggest independent effects of different SED variables, but each variable tends to be highly correlated with the others; thus, it is often nearly impossible to disentangle independent effects. Therefore, in this chapter, we will review findings on different SED variables but discuss the impact of SED inclusively. In adulthood, SED is assessed based on factors in an individual’s own background such as income, occupation, and education level, whereas in childhood, SED is typically assessed based on these factors for the parents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Life Course Health Development
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages463-497
Number of pages35
ISBN (Electronic)9783319471433
ISBN (Print)9783319471419
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)

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