How to unring the bell: A meta-analytic approach to correction of misinformation

Nathan Walter*, Sheila T. Murphy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

The study reports on a meta-analysis of attempts to correct misinformation (k = 65). Results indicate that corrective messages have a moderate influence on belief in misinformation (r =.35); however, it is more difficult to correct for misinformation in the context of politics (r =.15) and marketing (r =.18) than health (r =.27). Correction of real-world misinformation is more challenging (r =.14), as opposed to constructed misinformation (r =.48). Rebuttals (r =.38) are more effective than forewarnings (r =.16), and appeals to coherence (r =.55) outperform fact-checking (r =.25), and appeals to credibility (r =.14).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-441
Number of pages19
JournalCommunication Monographs
Volume85
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2018

Keywords

  • Misinformation
  • correction
  • debiasing
  • meta-analysis
  • rebuttals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Language and Linguistics

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