Human-in-the-loop: A feedback-driven model for authoring knowledge-based interactive learning environments

Lin Qiu*, Christopher K Riesbeck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


While computer-based interactive learning environments can provide authentic and supportive settings for problem-based learning, they are very difficult to build. The traditional development model requires significant upfront development and results in systems that are hard to deploy and customize. In this article, we describe a feedback-driven authoring model that aims to reduce the development difficulty by including teachers in the feedback loop to complement system feedback and incrementally author the content in the learning environment during real use. We discuss the design of INDIE, a learning environment authoring toolkit, for supporting the incremental authoring model. We present empirical results obtained from the development and use of Corrosion Investigator, a learning environment delivered by INDIE, as an example to show how the incremental authoring model is implemented in educational settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-509
Number of pages41
JournalJournal of Educational Computing Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications


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