Human Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Subcutaneous Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum in Women

Ashish C. Bhatia, Michael P. McLane, Tony Priestley, Saji Vljyan, Martin K. Gelbard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Clostridium collagenase histolyticum (CCH) is being evaluated in women as a cellulite treatment. OBJECTIVE: To report preclinical safety and human pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety data for CCH. METHODS: Across 3 PK studies, 41 women received 12 subcutaneous injections per thigh/buttock in 1 session (up to 3.36 mg/dose). Blood samples were taken at baseline; at 5, 10, 20, and 30 minutes postdose; and at 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, 48, 168, and 504 hours postdose. In a preclinical study, rats received 0, 0.029, 0.13, or 0.29 mg/dose of CCH intravenously (IV) every other day (QOD) for 16 days (total, 8 doses) and were evaluated for histopathologic changes. RESULTS: In human PK studies, no quantifiable plasma concentrations of AUX-I or AUX-II were observed postdose (n= 39 evaluable). Adverse events were injection site–related (bruising [97.6%], pain [87.8%], and edema/swelling [46.3%]). Antidrug antibodies were seen in most women at 504 hours postdose. In rats, plasma concentrations of AUX-I and AUX-II (CCH components) were measurable for 30 minutes and 1-2 hours, respectively, after IV administration. At ≥43× proposed human therapeutic dose on a mg/kg basis, rats experienced elevated liver enzyme levels, increased liver weights, and histologic changes that were mostly reversed during a 14-day recovery period. CONCLUSIONS: In human studies, no quantifiable circulating CCH levels were observed after a single subcutaneous dose of CCH up to 3.36 mg. Preclinical data indicated that repeat IV dosing (QOD; 8 doses) at ≥43× proposed human dose on a mg/kg basis for CCH was generally well tolerated.J Drugs Dermatol. 2020;19(9):852-856. doi:10.36849/JDD.2020.5048THIS ARTICLE HAD BEEN MADE AVAILABLE FREE OF CHARGE. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN TO ACCESS THE FULL TEXT OF THIS ARTICLE WITHOUT LOGGING IN. NO PURCHASE NECESSARY. PLEASE CONTACT THE PUBLISHER WITH ANY QUESTIONS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)852-856
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of drugs in dermatology : JDD
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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