Purpose of review Recently, hybrid coronary artery revascularization (HCAR), combining the benefits of both percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) while minimizing their respective shortcomings, has been developed. This review is aimed to explore and discuss recent clinical outcomes and patient selection, and comment on surgical approaches for HCAR. Recent findings Current forms of HCAR include off-pump mini-sternotomy or on-pump full sternotomy CABG [left internal mammary artery (LIMA)-to-left anterior descending artery(LAD) CABG followed by drug-eluting stents (DES) to non-LAD territories], robotic-assisted off-pump HCAR (robotic LIMA-to-LAD CABG and DES to non-LAD territories), and off-pump mini-thoracotomy single-vessel small thoracotomy (LIMA-to-LAD CABG), all of which have reported acceptable early to mid-term patency rates and freedom from major cardiac and cerebrovascular adverse events. As long-term effectiveness compared with conventional CABG remains to be demonstrated, especially in patients with diabetes and patients with higher SYNTAX scores, appropriate discussion between the 'Heart Team' and patient is needed prior to HCAR. Summary HCAR presents an attractive alternative option for treating patients with multivessel coronary artery disease because it maximizes the clear survival benefits of LIMA-LAD grafting, improves quality assurance with completion angiography, and allows quicker patient recovery; furthermore, patients avoid the negative systemic inflammatory effects of cardiopulmonary bypass and delayed healing after sternotomy.
- Clinical outcomes
- Coronary artery bypass graft surgery
- Hybrid coronary artery revascularization
- Percutaneous coronary intervention
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine