Hydrodynamic interactions in directional solidification

Stephen H. Davis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations


A binary liquid undergoes unidirectional solidification. The one-dimensional steady state is susceptible to morphological instability that causes the solid/liquid interface to change from a planar state to a cellular pattern. This paper examines the effects on this transition of volume-change convection, buoyancy-driven convection or forced flows. It emphasizes how flows alter stability limits, create scale and pattern changes in morphology, and create, through coupling, new instabilities. Emphasis is placed on the physical mechanisms of the interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-262
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of fluid Mechanics
StatePublished - Mar 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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