Hydrogen storage properties in (LiNH2)2-LiBH 4-(MgH2)x mixtures (X = 0.0-1.0)

Andrea Sudik*, Jun Yang, Devin Halliday, Christopher Wolverton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


We have recently reported the synthesis and properties of a novel hydrogen storage composition comprised of a 2:1:1 molar ratio of three hydride compounds: lithium amide (LiNH2), lithium borohydride (L1BH4), and magnesium hydride (MgH2)- This new ternary mixture possesses improved hydrogen (de)sorption attributes (relative to the individual compounds and their binary mixtures), including facile low-temperature kinetics, ammonia attenuation, and partial reversibility. Comprehensive characterization studies of its reaction pathway revealed that these favorable hydrogen storage properties are accomplished through a complex multistep hydrogen release process. Here, we expound on our previous findings and determine the impact of MgH2 content on the resulting hydrogen storage properties by examining a series of (LiNH2)2-LiBH4-(MgH 2)x reactant mixtures (i.e., 2:1: X molar ratio) where X = 0, 0.15, 0.25, 0.40, 0.50, 0.75, and 1.0. Specifically, we characterize each starting composition (after ball-milling) using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and infrared spectroscopy (IR) and find that addition of MgH2 facilitates a spontaneous milling-induced reaction, introducing new species (Mg(NH2)2 and LiH) into the hydride composition. We additionally measure the relative hydrogen and ammonia release amounts for each mixture using temperature-programmed desorption mass spectrometry (TPD-MS) and find that ammonia liberation is suppressed for increasing values of X (<0.1 wt % NH3 for X = 1). Kinetic hydrogen desorption data reveal a low-temperature reaction step (centered at ∼ 160 °C) for all MgH 2-containing samples which grows in intensity for larger values of X (up to ∼4.0 wt % H2 for X = 1). Finally, we characterize desorbed samples to investigate the dependence of X (MgH2 amount) on the resulting distribution of observed product phases. These data are used to understand how MgH2 contributes to and impacts the low- and high-temperature hydrogen release events through comparing theoretical (based on the previously proposed reaction set) and observed desorption data for these reactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4384-4390
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number11
StatePublished - Mar 20 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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