Hydrogen storage properties of 2LiNH2 + LiBH4 + MgH2

Jun Yang*, Andrea Sudik, Donald J. Siegel, Devin Halliday, Andy Drews, Roscoe O. Carter, Christopher Wolverton, Gregory J. Lewis, J. W A Sachtler, John J. Low, Syed A. Faheem, David A. Lesch, Vidvuds Ozolins

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have investigated the ternary mixture of complex hydrides with stoichiometry 2LiNH2 + LiBH4 + MgH2, and have identified a set of novel hydrogen storage reactions. One of these reactions involves the known reversible reaction Mg(NH2)2 + 2LiH ↔ Li2Mg(NH)2 + 2H2. Previous studies have shown that initiating this reaction from the binary mixture 2LiNH2 + MgH2 results in poor hydrogen desorption kinetics and a small amount of NH3 release. In contrast to this behavior, here we demonstrate that by starting from the ternary mixture 2LiNH2 + LiBH4 + MgH2, the above reaction can proceed at lower temperatures and with improved kinetics, while maintaining reversibility. The advantage of starting with the ternary mixture can be traced to the subsequent formation, melting, and reaction of Li4BH4(NH2)3 with MgH2 to form the mixed imide phase Li2Mg(NH)2, which acts as a seed for the reversible reaction, and is at least partly responsible for the improved kinetic response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-349
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume446-447
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 31 2007

Keywords

  • Hydrogen storage
  • LiBH
  • LiMg(NH)
  • LiNH
  • MgH
  • Self-catalyzing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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    Yang, J., Sudik, A., Siegel, D. J., Halliday, D., Drews, A., Carter, R. O., Wolverton, C., Lewis, G. J., Sachtler, J. W. A., Low, J. J., Faheem, S. A., Lesch, D. A., & Ozolins, V. (2007). Hydrogen storage properties of 2LiNH2 + LiBH4 + MgH2. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 446-447, 345-349. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2007.03.145