Hydrophobicity scale for proteins based on inverse temperature transitions

Dan W. Urry*, D. Channe Gowda, Timothy M. Parker, Chi‐Hao ‐H Luan, Michael C. Reid, Cynthia M. Harris, Asima Pattanaik, R. Dean Harris

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    201 Scopus citations


    In general, proteins fold with hydrophobia residues buried, away from water. Reversible protein folding due to hydrophobia interactions results from inverse temperature transitions where folding occurs on raising the temperature. Because homoiothermic animals constitute an infinite heat reservoir, it is the transition temperature, Tt, not the endothermic heat of the transition, that determines the hydrophobically folded state of polypeptides at body temperature. Reported here is a new hydrophobicity scale based on the values of Tt for each amino acid residue as a guest in a natural repeating peptide sequence, the high polymers of which exhibit reversible inverse temperature transitions. Significantly, a number of ways have been demonstrated for changing Tt such that reversibly lowering Tt, from above to below physiological temperature becomes a means of isothermally and reversibly driving hydrophobic folding. Accordingly, controlling Tt, becomes a mechanism whereby proteins can be induced to carry out isothermal free energy transduction. © 1992 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1243-1250
    Number of pages8
    Issue number9
    StatePublished - Sep 1992

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biophysics
    • Biochemistry
    • Biomaterials
    • Organic Chemistry


    Dive into the research topics of 'Hydrophobicity scale for proteins based on inverse temperature transitions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this