Hydrothermal synthesis of new alkali silicates I. Potassium neodymium phases

S. M. Haile*, B. J. Wuensch, T. Siegrist, R. A. Laudise

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Hydrothermal techniques have been used to synthesize potassium neodymium silicates as potential new fast ion conductors (FICs). Alkali silicates are interesting both scientifically and technologically as FICs because of their typically open framework structures and the unique possibilities for crystal chemical tailoring. We describe here the growth conditions for eight phases, K3NdSi3O8(OH)2, K3NdSi7O17, K5NdSi9O22, K8Nd3Si12O32OH, K3NdSi6O15 (Bb **), K3NdSi6O15 (Pbam), K2NdSi4O10OH, and KNd9(SiO4)6O2 the first four of which have no known isomorphs. Syntheses has been carried out employing an aqueous solution of KOH, K2CO3, K2B4O7, KF, or KHF2 as the solvent, and either a glass of high silica content, 4K2O-Nd2O3-17SiO2, or a mixture of Nd2O3, vitreous SiO2 and K2CO3 as the precursor material. Pressures, temperatures, and solution molarities utilized ranged from 0.3 to 1.4 kbar, from 350 to 600°C, and from 0 to 10M, respectively. Experiments, performed both isothermally and under the influence of a temperature gradient, proceeded for 5 to 20 days. Phases were identified using electron microprobe composition measurements and X-ray single-crystal and powder diffraction methods. Most phases were produced under well-defined conditions and synthesis was characterized by a tendency to crystallize compounds of low silica content and hence low connectivity of the SiO4 tetrahedra in the crystal structure at high molarities, high temperatures, and, to some extent, high pressures. Of the eight phases listed, six were obtained as crystals large enough for X-ray structure determination and conductivity measurements along at least one crystallographic axis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)352-372
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Aug 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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