Hydrothermal synthesis of new alkali silicates II. Sodium neodymium and sodium yttrium phases

S. M. Haile*, B. J. Wuensch, R. A. Laudise

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hydrothermal techniques have been utilized to synthesize three sodium neodymium and seven sodium yttrium silicates as potential new fast ion conductors (FICs). We describe here the conditions which led to the crystallization of NaNdSi6O14, Na3NdSi6O15· 5H2O, NaNd9(SiO4)6O2, Na3YSi6O15, Na3YSi7O17, Na7YSi12O29, Na3YSi3O9, Na5YSi4O12, Na6YSi13O29(OH)3, and NaYSi6O14, six of which are previously unreported. The compositions of new phases were determined from electron microprobe measurements and flame spectroscopy. Syntheses were carried out in aqueous solutions of NaOH, Na2CO3, NaF, NaHF2, at pressures, temperatures, and molarities ranging from 0.5 to 1.4 kbar, from 350 to 600°C, and from 0 to 10M, respectively. Results obtained in these sodium systems are compared with those of the potassium neodymium silica system, reported in Part I. Consistent with the earlier observations, crystallization at high temperatures, high solution molarities and, to some extent, high pressures tended to yield phases of low silica content and low silicon to oxygen ratios, and hence low structural connectivity of the tetrahedra in the silica framework.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-386
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Volume131
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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