Hypernatremia and Hyponatremia: Current Understanding and Management

Catherine H. Chung*, Donald Zimmerman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Dysnatremias can be a challenging diagnosis for pediatric emergency care providers because patients can present with vague symptoms but can quickly develop neurologic sequelae. It is important that emergency care physicians are knowledgeable about higher risk populations, clinical presentation, and possible etiologies to provide prompt treatment. This article will present 2 cases with sodium abnormalities and then review the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and current management practices for dysnatremias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-278
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009


  • Dysnatremias
  • central pontine myelinosis
  • cerebral edema
  • hypernatremia
  • hyponatremia
  • water deficit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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