Hypertensive emergencies

Amanda B. Hassinger, Denise M. Goodman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Beginning with the definitions, this chapter will explore the pertinent information about Hypertensive Emergencies and Urgencies for the Pediatric Critical Care Physician. It provides an in depth review of the reliable ways to measure blood pressure in the PICU. Once sure of the blood pressure reading, the reader is then taught the normal renal, endothelial and cerebral controls over systemic blood pressure as a way to understand the pathophysiology behind hypertension. The most common pediatric etiologies and appropriate diagnostic testing are then outlined in the context of the clinical presentations of hypertensive emergency. Lastly, the medications used in hypertensive emergency are then presented by class and a table of available continuous infusions provides an easy reference guide for the critical care physician.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRespiratory, Cardiovascular and Central Nervous Systems
PublisherSpringer-Verlag London Ltd
Pages523-531
Number of pages9
Volume2
ISBN (Electronic)9781447163565
ISBN (Print)1447163559, 9781447163558
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Blood pressure measurement
  • Cerebral autoregulation
  • End-organ damage
  • Hypertensive emergencies
  • Hypertensive urgencies
  • PRES
  • Renin-angiotensin
  • Vasodilators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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