Hypoxia regulates PDGF-B interactions between glomerular capillary endothelial and mesangial cells

Eudora Eng*, Cory Holgren, Susan Hubchak, Parveen Naaz, H. William Schnaper

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Background. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-B regulates mesangial cell and vessel development during embryogenesis, and contributes to the pathogenesis of adult renal and vascular diseases. Endothelial cell PDGF-B exerts paracrine effects on mesangial cells, but its regulation is not well defined. We examined the impact of hypoxia on PDGF-B-mediated interactions between glomerular endothelial and mesangial cells, a condition of potential relevance in developing, and diseased adult, kidneys. Methods. Glomerular endothelial or mesangial cells were subjected to hypoxia and responses compared to normoxic cells. Endothelial PDGF-B was studied by Northern and Western analysis. Mesangial proliferative responses to PDGF-B were assessed by 3H-thymidine incorporation, and migration by a modified Boyden chamber assay. Hypoxia-induced changes in receptor specific binding capacity were studied by saturation binding assays. Results. Hypoxia stimulated increases in endothelial PDGF-B mRNA and protein. In normoxic mesangial cells, PDGF-B stimulated dose-dependent proliferation, but the proliferative response of hypoxic cells was two to three times greater. Exogenous PDGF-B also caused prompter migration in hypoxic mesangial cells. Mesangial cells were treated with endothelial cell-conditioned medium. More cells migrated when hypoxic cells were stimulated with hypoxic conditioned medium, than when normoxic cells were stimulated with normoxic conditioned medium. Preincubating conditioned medium with PDGF-B neutralizing antibody greatly decreased the chemoattractant activity. Binding studies demonstrated increased specific binding capacity in hypoxic cells. Conclusion. Hypoxia enhances PDGF-B paracrine interactions between glomerular endothelial and mesangial cells. These hypoxia-regulated interactions may be important during glomerulogenesis in fetal life and during the pathogenesis of adult glomerular disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)695-703
Number of pages9
JournalKidney international
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2005


  • Glomerular endothelial cell
  • Hypoxia
  • Mesangial cell
  • PDGF-β receptor
  • Renal organogenesis
  • Specific binding capacity
  • Vessel formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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