Identification and characterization of TF1(phox), a DNA-binding protein that increases expression of gp91(phox) in PLB985 myeloid leukemia cells

Elizabeth A. Eklund*, Renu Kakar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The CYBB gene encodes gp91(phox), the heavy chain of the phagocyte- specific NADPH oxidase. CYBB is transcriptionally inactive until the promyelocyte stage of myelopoiesis, and in mature phagocytes, expression of gp91(phox) is further increased by interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and other inflammatory mediators. The CYBB promoter region contains several lineage- specific cis-elements involved in the IFN-γ response. We screened a leukocyte cDNA expression library for proteins able to bind to one of these cis-elements (-214 to -262 base pairs) and identified TF1(phox), a protein with sequence-specific binding to the CYBB promoter. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay with nuclear proteins from a variety of cell lines demonstrated binding of a protein to the CYBB promoter that was cross-immunoreactive with TF1(phox). DNA binding of this protein was increased by IFN-γ treatment in the myeloid cell line PLB985, but not in the non-myeloid cell line HeLa. Overexpression of recombinant TF1(phox) in PLB985 cells increased endogenous gp91(phox) message abundance, but did not lead to cellular differentiation. Overexpression of TF1(phox) in myeloid leukemia cell lines increased reporter gene expression from artificial promoter constructs containing CYBB promoter sequence. These data suggested that TF1(phox) increased expression of gp91(phox).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9344-9355
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume272
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 4 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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