Micro-hole drilling (holes less than 0.5 mm in diameter with aspect ratios larger than 10) is gaining increased attention in a wide spectrum of precision production industries. Alternative methods such as EDM, laser drilling, etc. can sometimes replace mechanical micro-hole drilling, but are not acceptable in PCB manufacture because they yield inferior hole quality and accuracy. The major difficulties in micro-hole drilling are related to the wandering motions during the inlet stage, high aspect ratios, high temperature, etc. However, of all the difficulties, the most undesirable ones are the increases in drilling force and torque as the drill penetrates deeper into the hole. This is mainly caused by chip-related effects. Peck-drilling is thus widely used for deep hole drilling despite the fact that it leads to low productivity. Therefore, in this paper, a method for cutting force regulation is proposed to achieve continuous drilling. A proportional plus derivative (PD) and a sliding mode control algorithm will be implemented and compared for controlling the spindle rotational frequency. Experimental results will show that sliding mode control reduces the nominal torque and cutting force and their variations better than PD control, resulting in a number of advantages, such as an increase in drill life, fast stabilization of the wandering motion, and precise positioning of the holes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||23|
|Journal||International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture|
|State||Published - Oct 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering