Identification and initial characterization of concanavalin A- and interferon-induced human suppressor factors: Evidence for a human equivalent of murine soluble immune response suppressor (SIRS)

H. W. Schnaper, C. W. Pierce, T. M. Aune

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human suppressor T cells activated by leukocyte interferon have properties similar to murine suppressor cells activated by interferon or by concanavalin A. Murine suppressor cells release a soluble mediator, soluble immune response suppressor (sSIRS), which accounts, at least in part, for suppressive activity in murine systems. To compare and contrast murine and human suppressor pathways, we evaluated the suppression of human polyclonal plaque-forming cell response by concanavalin A, by leukocyte interferon, and by immune interferon, or by suppressor cells activated by these agents. In each instance, suppressive activity was prevented by levamisole, ascorbic acid, catalase, or 2-mercaptoethanol, agents known to interfere with murine SIRS activity. Furthermore, concanavalin A, immune interferon, and leukocyte interferon induced T lymphocytes to release 110,000 to 150,000 m.w. proteins which suppressed responses only when added early in the culture period. As with murine SIRS, suppression by each of these human factors was inhibited by 2-mercaptoethanol, ascorbic acid, catalase, or levamisole. The reaction of human suppressor factors with H 2 O 2 (10 -6 M) activated suppressor factors so that they suppress responses when added late in the culture period. Human suppressor factors were protease- and acid (pH 2)-sensitive. The similarities between these human suppressor factors and murine SIRS show the existence of a human SIRS pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2429-2435
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume132
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Identification and initial characterization of concanavalin A- and interferon-induced human suppressor factors: Evidence for a human equivalent of murine soluble immune response suppressor (SIRS)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this