Identification, assessment and management of fetal compromise

Janelle Renee Bolden*, Alan M Peaceman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


The main goals of fetal surveillance are to avoid fetal death and to recognize the fetus that will benefit from early intervention with resuscitation or delivery. Surveillance can occur in the antepartum or intrapartum period. Continuous fetal heart rate monitoring is the most common form of surveillance in the intrapartum period. Several techniques are used in the antepartum period, including nonstress test, biophysical profile, and contraction stress test. Multiple techniques are used once distress is noted in the fetus, with the ultimate resuscitation effort being delivery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)753-768
Number of pages16
JournalClinics in Perinatology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012


  • Antepartum surveillance
  • Fetal monitoring
  • Intrapartum fetal resuscitation
  • Intrapartum surveillance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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