The RANTES chemokine is a T cell-expressed, proinflammatory cytokine recently implicated as a suppressive agent of HIV replication. We have identified tandem κB-like sequences within the promoter for RANTES that are critical for RANTES promoter-reporter gene activity in both the T cell tumor line Hut78 and in PHA-activated PBL. This region binds not only Rel family members (including p50-p65 heterodimers and p50-p50 homodimers) but also non-Rel factors up-regulated in PBL 3 to 5 days following activation. The expression of these "late" expressed nuclear factors correlates with an up-regulation of RANTES message found at this point in T cell activation. These factors are also constitutively expressed in functionally mature CD8+ T cells. We hypothesize that these apparently novel proteins are responsible in part for the temporal regulation of RANTES seen in peripheral blood T cells and represent a component of transcriptional regulatory machinery newly expressed at this "late" stage of peripheral T cell development.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Aug 1 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy