Identification of a peroxisome proliferator-responsive element upstream of the gene encoding rat peroxisomal enoyl-CoA hydratase/3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase

Baowei Zhang, Sandra L. Marcus, Fereydoun G. Sajjadi, Keith Alvares, Janardan K. Reddy, Suresh Subramani, Rlchard A. Rachubinski*, John P. Capone

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

234 Scopus citations


Ciprofibrate, a hypolipidemic drug that acts as a peroxisome proliferator, induces the transcription of genes encoding peroxisomal β-oxidation enzymes. To identify cisacting promoter elements involved in this induction, 5.8 kilobase pairs of promoter sequence from the gene encoding rat peroxisomal enoyl-CoA hydratase/3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (EC was inserted upstream of a luciferase reporter gene. Transfection of this expression vector into rat hepatoma H4IIEC3 cells in the presence of ciprofibrate resulted in a 5- to 10-fold, cell type-specific increase in luciferase activity as compared to cells transfected in the absence of drug. A peroxisome proliferator-responsive element (PPRE) was localized to a 196-nucleotide region centered at position -2943 from the transcription start site. This PPRE conferred ciprofibrate responsiveness on a heterologous promoter and functioned independently of orientation or position. Gel retardation analysis with nuclear extracts demonstrated that ciprofibrate-treated or untreated H4IIEC3 cells, but not HeLa cells or monkey kidney cells, contained sequencespecific DNA binding factors that interact with the PPRE. These results have implications for understanding the mechanisms of coordinated transcriptional induction of genes encoding peroxisomal proteins by hypolipidemic agents and other peroxisome proliferators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7541-7545
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number16
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992



  • Fatty acid β-oxidation
  • Hypolipidemic drugs
  • Liver cells
  • Protein-DNA interactions
  • Transcriptional induction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this