Identification of critical functional determinants of kainate receptor modulation by auxiliary protein Neto2

Theanne N. Griffith, Geoffrey T. Swanson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Kainate receptors (KARs) are important modulators of synaptic transmission and intrinsic neuronal excitability in the CNS. Their activity is shaped by the auxiliary proteins Neto1 and Neto2, which impact KAR gating in a receptor subunit- and Neto isoform-specific manner. The structural basis for Neto modulation of KAR gating is unknown. Here we identify the M3-S2 gating linker as a critical determinant contributing to Neto2 modulation of KARs. M3-S2 linkers control both the valence and magnitude of Neto2 modulation of homomeric GluK2 receptors. Furthermore, a single mutation in this domain abolishes Neto2 modulation of heteromeric receptor desensitization. Additionally, we found that cation sensitivity of KAR gating is altered by Neto2 association, suggesting that stability of the D1 dimer interface in the ligand-binding domain (LBD) is an important determinant of Neto2 actions. Moreover, modulation of cation sensitivity was eliminated by mutations in the M3-S2 linkers, thereby correlating the action of Neto2 at these structurally discrete sites on receptor subunits. These results demonstrate that the KAR M3-S2 linkers and LBD dimer interface are critical determinants for Neto2 modulation of receptor function and identify these domains as potential sites of action for the targeted development of KAR-specific modulators that alter the function of auxiliary proteins in native receptors. Journal compilation

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4815-4833
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Physiology
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 15 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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