Identification of G protein-coupled signaling pathways in cardiac fibroblasts: Cross talk between G(q) and G(s)

J. Gary Meszaros*, Annette M. Gonzalez, Yuka Endo-Mochizuki, Sonia Villegas, Francisco Villarreal, Laurence L. Brunton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) are an important cellular component of myocardial responses to injury and to hypertrophic stimuli. We studied G protein-coupled receptors to understand how CFs integrate signals that activate G(q), G(s), and G(i). We predicted that the second messenger pathways present in CFs were distinct from those in cardiac myocytes and that unique signaling interactions existed in the CFs. ANG II, bradykinin, ATP, and UTP stimulated inositol phosphate (IP) production 2.2- to 7-fold. Each of these agonists elevated intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](i)) via release from the intracellular Ca2+ storage compartment. Endothelin-1 (ET- 1), carbachol, and norepinephrine failed to increase either IP production or [Ca2+](i). Although agonists that activated IP and Ca2+ transients had no effect on cAMP production when administered alone, these agents potentiated the β2-adrenergic response two- to fourfold. Hormones known to inhibit adenylyl cyclase activity in cardiac myocytes, such as ET-1 and carbachol, failed to lower the β-adrenergic response in fibroblasts. Order of potency and inhibitor data indicate that the functional receptor subtypes in these cells are β2, P2Y2, and AT1 for isoproterenol, ATP, and ANG II, respectively. We conclude that CFs express functional G protein-linked receptors that couple to G(q) and G(s), with little or no coupling to G(i). The expression of receptors and their coupling to G(q)- but not to G(i)- linked responses distinguishes the signaling in CFs from that in myocytes. Furthermore, agonists that activate G(q) in CFs potentiate stimulation of G(s), an example of signaling cross talk not observed in adult myocytes. These data suggest that G protein-mediated signaling in CFs is unique and may contribute to the specificity of hormone and drug action on individual cell types within the heart.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C154-C162
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume278
Issue number1 47-1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Cyclic adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate
  • Inositol phosphates
  • Intracellular calcium
  • Potentiation
  • Receptor signaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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