Follistatin (FS) binds activin and inhibin proteins. Many organs are sensitive to activin and inhibin; thus the formation of FS-activin/inhibin complexes is important to our understanding of ligand activity. Other investigators studying FS have detected large molecular weight immunoreactive FS bands (greater than the expected molecular weight of FS alone) that have not been well characterized. The goal of this study was to identify naturally occurring FS monomers and FS-activin/inhibin complexes in several organ systems. The pituitary, ovary, kidney, and urine were chosen for this investigation. Molecular masses were assigned to in vitro assemblies of complexes containing recombinant inhibin or activin with FS for comparison with naturally occurring FS forms. The recombinant complex of FS-activin was primarily 97-kDa size, while FS-inhibin complexes were detected in a range of molecular sizes from 66 kDa to 97 kDa, 133 kDa, and > 220 kDa. FS-containing complexes of 66-kDa, 97-kDa, and 133-kDa were identified in the tissues examined and in pregnant urine. Our study points to the assembly of a series of FS-activin/inhibin complexes in a variety of organ systems that may impact upon the available amount of free versus bound (or 'complexed') ligand, which must be considered when investigating the biology of activin- or inhibin- responsive cells. In addition, urine may be an important biological fluid that can be used to measure significant changes in circulating FS complexes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology