Identification of protein arginine methyltransferase 2 as a coactivator for estrogen receptor α

Chao Qi, Jeffrey Chang, Yiwei Zhu, Anjana V. Yeldandi, Sambasiva M. Rao, Yi Jun Zhu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Scopus citations

Abstract

In an attempt to isolate cofactors capable of influencing estrogen receptor α (ERα) transcriptional activity, we used yeast two-hybrid screening and identified protein arginine methyltransferase 2 (PRMT2) as a new ERα-binding protein. PRMT2 interacted directly with three ERα regions including AF-1, DNA binding domain, and hormone binding domain in a ligand-independent fashion. The ERα-interacting region on PRMT2 has been mapped to a region encompassing amino acids 133-275. PRMT2 also binds to ERβ, PR, TRβ, RARα, PPARγ, and RXRα in a ligand-independent manner. PRMT2 enhanced both ERα AF-1 and AF-2 transcriptional activity, and the potential methyltransferase activity of PRMT2 appeared pivotal for its coactivator function. In addition, PRMT2 enhanced PR, PPARγ, and RARα-mediated transactivation. Although PRMT2 was found to interact with two other coactivators, the steroid receptor coactivator-1 (SRC-1) and the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-interacting protein (PRIP), no synergistic enhancement of ERα transcriptional activity was observed when PRMT2 was coexpressed with either PRIP or SRC-1. In this respect PRMT2 differs from coactivators PRMT1 and CARM1 (coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase). These results suggest that PRMT2 is a novel ERα coactivator.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28624-28630
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number32
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 9 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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