Identification of the α3 chain of type IV collagen as the common autoantigen in antibasement membrane disease and Goodpasture syndrome

R. Kalluri, C. B. Wilson, M. Weber, S. Gunwar, A. M. Chonko, E. G. Neilson, B. G. Hudson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

135 Scopus citations

Abstract

Antiglomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibodies can cause glomerulonephritis or pulmonary hemorrhage by themselves or Goodpasture syndrome when they occur together. It is unknown if variations in antibody reactivity contribute to the different patterns of organ involvement seen in this disease. This study examines the reactivity of the α1-α6 NCl domains of Type IV collagen, the putative autoantigen, in sera from patients with anti-GBM antibodies after various clinical presentations of lung hemorrhage and renal injury. Serum or plasma containing anti-GBM antibodies from 35 patients with combined glomerulonephritis and pulmonary hemorrhage, 19 with glomerulonephritis alone, and 4 with pulmonary hemorrhage alone were compared with samples from 19 normal controls and 32 patients with other kidney diseases. Four different immunologic assays were performed with bovine α1-α6(IV) and recombinant human type α1-α5(IV) collagen NCl domains. The study found that the anti-GBM antibodies from all patients reacted with the α3(IV) NCl (85% exclusively). Additional limited reactivity with the α1(IV) NCl and α4(IV) NCl was found in 15 and 3%, respectively. This non-α3(IV) NCl reactivity was most frequent in the patients with anti-GBM antibodies and glomerulonephritis alone. None of the patients had reactivity to other basement membrane components like laminin, fibronectin, heparan sulfate proteoglycan, entactin, or the 7S and triple helical fragments of Type IV collagen. The observed α-chain NCl reactivity was confined to patients with anti-GBM antibodies with no additional reactivities detected among a large number of other kidney diseases controls. The correlation of α1-α6(IV) NCl reactivity in a large number of patients with anti-GBM antibodies defined by classic assays definitively establishes that reactivity to α3(IV) NCl domains is both sufficient and necessary for the expression of autoimmune disease directed to the NCl domain of Type IV collagen. On the basis of the evidence, the classification of antibasement membrane disease and Goodpasture syndrome as anti-Type IV collagen disease is proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1178-1185
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume6
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Anti-GBM antibodies
  • Collagen IV
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Goodpasture syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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