Identification of the role of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling in the trajectory of serotonergic differentiation in a rapid assay in mouse embryonic stem cells in vitro

Atsushi Yamasaki, Atsushi Kasai, Akihiro Toi, Maki Kurita, Saki Kimoto, Atsuko Hayata-Takano, Takanobu Nakazawa, Kazuki Nagayasu, Norihito Shintani, Ryota Hashimoto, Akira Ito, Herbert Y. Meltzer, Yukio Ago, James A. Waschek, Yusuke Onaka, Toshio Matsuda, Akemichi Baba, Hitoshi Hashimoto*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mechanism by which extracellular molecules control serotonergic cell fate remains elusive. Recently, we showed that noggin, which inactivates bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), induces serotonergic differentiation of mouse embryonic (ES) and induced pluripotent stem cells with coordinated gene expression along the serotonergic lineage. Here, we created a rapid assay for serotonergic induction by generating knock-in ES cells expressing a naturally secreted Gaussia luciferase driven by the enhancer of Pet-1/Fev, a landmark of serotonergic differentiation. Using these cells, we performed candidate-based screening and identified BMP type I receptor kinase inhibitors LDN-193189 and DMH1 as activators of luciferase. LDN-193189 induced ES cells to express the genes encoding Pet-1, tryptophan hydroxylase 2, and the serotonin transporter, and increased serotonin release without altering dopamine release. In contrast, TGF-β receptor inhibitor SB-431542 selectively inhibited serotonergic differentiation, without changing overall neuronal differentiation. LDN-193189 inhibited expression of the BMP signaling target gene Id, and induced the TGF-β target gene Lefty, whereas the opposite effect was observed with SB-431542. This study thus provides a new tool to investigate serotonergic differentiation and suggests that inhibition of BMP type I receptors and concomitant activation of TGF-β receptor signaling are implicated in serotonergic differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-428
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume132
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2015

Keywords

  • Gaussia luciferase
  • TGF-β
  • bone morphogenetic protein type I receptor
  • differentiation
  • embryonic stem cells
  • serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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  • Cite this

    Yamasaki, A., Kasai, A., Toi, A., Kurita, M., Kimoto, S., Hayata-Takano, A., Nakazawa, T., Nagayasu, K., Shintani, N., Hashimoto, R., Ito, A., Meltzer, H. Y., Ago, Y., Waschek, J. A., Onaka, Y., Matsuda, T., Baba, A., & Hashimoto, H. (2015). Identification of the role of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling in the trajectory of serotonergic differentiation in a rapid assay in mouse embryonic stem cells in vitro. Journal of neurochemistry, 132(4), 418-428. https://doi.org/10.1111/jnc.12999