Identifying the physicochemical properties of β-cyclodextrin polymers that determine the adsorption of perfluoroalkyl acids

Casey Ching, Yuhan Ling, Brittany Trang, Max Klemes, Leilei Xiao, Anna Yang, Gokhan Barin, William R. Dichtel*, Damian E. Helbling

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cyclodextrin polymers (CDPs) are emerging adsorbents with demonstrated potential to remove perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) from water. However, little is known about how the physicochemical properties of different types of CDPs determine PFAA adsorption on CDPs. In this study, we investigated the adsorption performance of 34 CDPs which consist of 14 different crosslinkers and exhibit a wide range of physicochemical properties. The performance metrics included adsorption kinetics, equilibrium adsorption density, and adsorption affinity for six PFAAs. We then used complementary bivariate and multivariate analyses to discover relationships between sixteen measurable physicochemical properties of the CDPs and their performance as adsorbents. We found that: (1) CDPs with a less negative or more positive surface charge will exhibit enhanced adsorption of all types of PFAAs; (2) CDPs with greater porosity and surface area will exhibit enhanced adsorption kinetics for all types of PFAAs; (3) CDPs with greater crosslinker content will exhibit enhanced adsorption of short-chain PFAAs; (4) CDPs containing more hydrophobic crosslinkers will exhibit enhanced equilibrium adsorption density and adsorption affinity for longer-chain PFAAs; and (5) CDPs with smaller particle sizes will exhibit enhanced adsorption kinetics and equilibrium adsorption density for all PFAAs. These insights will enable the further development of CDPs and other novel adsorbents to optimize their performance for removing PFAAs during water and wastewater treatment or groundwater remediation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number117938
JournalWater Research
Volume209
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • All possible regression
  • Cyclodextrin polymer
  • Multivariate analysis
  • PFAS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Ecological Modeling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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