Identity, Territory and Land Conflict in Brazil

Lashandra Sullivan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


In the last century, national and international movements in capital and ideas have contributed to the radical transformation of the Brazilian countryside. In Mato Grosso do Sul, Guarani have been displaced onto reservations (through often extra-legal means) due to deforestation for cattle ranches and agricultural plantations. Guarani land activists link displacement to problems like starvation and high crime rates. Today, protest occupations of plantations result in sometimes violent counter-mobilization by plantation owners. This article investigates the production of ethnic boundaries between self-identified 'Indians' and 'non-Indians', which become articulated as territorial. It interrogates how these boundaries are both produced by and contribute to the economic development policies driving the land grab in Brazil.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-471
Number of pages21
JournalDevelopment and Change
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development


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