Ideological differences in the expanse of the moral circle

Adam Waytz, Ravi Iyer, Liane Young, Jonathan Haidt, Jesse Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Do clashes between ideologies reflect policy differences or something more fundamental? The present research suggests they reflect core psychological differences such that liberals express compassion toward less structured and more encompassing entities (i.e., universalism), whereas conservatives express compassion toward more well-defined and less encompassing entities (i.e., parochialism). Here we report seven studies illustrating universalist versus parochial differences in compassion. Studies 1a-1c show that liberals, relative to conservatives, express greater moral concern toward friends relative to family, and the world relative to the nation. Studies 2a-2b demonstrate these universalist versus parochial preferences extend toward simple shapes depicted as proxies for loose versus tight social circles. Using stimuli devoid of political relevance demonstrates that the universalist-parochialist distinction does not simply reflect differing policy preferences. Studies 3a-3b indicate these universalist versus parochial tendencies extend to humans versus nonhumans more generally, demonstrating the breadth of these psychological differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4389
JournalNature communications
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Fingerprint

stimuli
Psychology
tendencies
Proxy
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Waytz, Adam ; Iyer, Ravi ; Young, Liane ; Haidt, Jonathan ; Graham, Jesse. / Ideological differences in the expanse of the moral circle. In: Nature communications. 2019 ; Vol. 10, No. 1.
@article{bddf2865c0ed44eeb835ab638cf7250d,
title = "Ideological differences in the expanse of the moral circle",
abstract = "Do clashes between ideologies reflect policy differences or something more fundamental? The present research suggests they reflect core psychological differences such that liberals express compassion toward less structured and more encompassing entities (i.e., universalism), whereas conservatives express compassion toward more well-defined and less encompassing entities (i.e., parochialism). Here we report seven studies illustrating universalist versus parochial differences in compassion. Studies 1a-1c show that liberals, relative to conservatives, express greater moral concern toward friends relative to family, and the world relative to the nation. Studies 2a-2b demonstrate these universalist versus parochial preferences extend toward simple shapes depicted as proxies for loose versus tight social circles. Using stimuli devoid of political relevance demonstrates that the universalist-parochialist distinction does not simply reflect differing policy preferences. Studies 3a-3b indicate these universalist versus parochial tendencies extend to humans versus nonhumans more generally, demonstrating the breadth of these psychological differences.",
author = "Adam Waytz and Ravi Iyer and Liane Young and Jonathan Haidt and Jesse Graham",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/s41467-019-12227-0",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
journal = "Nature Communications",
issn = "2041-1723",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

Ideological differences in the expanse of the moral circle. / Waytz, Adam; Iyer, Ravi; Young, Liane; Haidt, Jonathan; Graham, Jesse.

In: Nature communications, Vol. 10, No. 1, 4389, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ideological differences in the expanse of the moral circle

AU - Waytz, Adam

AU - Iyer, Ravi

AU - Young, Liane

AU - Haidt, Jonathan

AU - Graham, Jesse

PY - 2019/12/1

Y1 - 2019/12/1

N2 - Do clashes between ideologies reflect policy differences or something more fundamental? The present research suggests they reflect core psychological differences such that liberals express compassion toward less structured and more encompassing entities (i.e., universalism), whereas conservatives express compassion toward more well-defined and less encompassing entities (i.e., parochialism). Here we report seven studies illustrating universalist versus parochial differences in compassion. Studies 1a-1c show that liberals, relative to conservatives, express greater moral concern toward friends relative to family, and the world relative to the nation. Studies 2a-2b demonstrate these universalist versus parochial preferences extend toward simple shapes depicted as proxies for loose versus tight social circles. Using stimuli devoid of political relevance demonstrates that the universalist-parochialist distinction does not simply reflect differing policy preferences. Studies 3a-3b indicate these universalist versus parochial tendencies extend to humans versus nonhumans more generally, demonstrating the breadth of these psychological differences.

AB - Do clashes between ideologies reflect policy differences or something more fundamental? The present research suggests they reflect core psychological differences such that liberals express compassion toward less structured and more encompassing entities (i.e., universalism), whereas conservatives express compassion toward more well-defined and less encompassing entities (i.e., parochialism). Here we report seven studies illustrating universalist versus parochial differences in compassion. Studies 1a-1c show that liberals, relative to conservatives, express greater moral concern toward friends relative to family, and the world relative to the nation. Studies 2a-2b demonstrate these universalist versus parochial preferences extend toward simple shapes depicted as proxies for loose versus tight social circles. Using stimuli devoid of political relevance demonstrates that the universalist-parochialist distinction does not simply reflect differing policy preferences. Studies 3a-3b indicate these universalist versus parochial tendencies extend to humans versus nonhumans more generally, demonstrating the breadth of these psychological differences.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85072710326&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85072710326&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41467-019-12227-0

DO - 10.1038/s41467-019-12227-0

M3 - Article

C2 - 31558713

AN - SCOPUS:85072710326

VL - 10

JO - Nature Communications

JF - Nature Communications

SN - 2041-1723

IS - 1

M1 - 4389

ER -