Resting T cells are stimulated to synthesize DNA by IL-4 and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). This response of T cells to IL-4 plus PMA is independent of the action of IL-2 as judged by 1) the lack of IL-2 in supernatants of stimulated cells, 2) the failure to detect IL-2 mRNA in stimulated cells by in situ hybridization, 3) the inability of anti-IL-2R antibody and of anti-IL-2 antibody to block responses to IL-4 plus PMA, and 4) the failure of cyclosporin A to block responses. T cells also respond to anti-CD3 antibodies and IL-4 in the presence of anti-IL-2R antibodies. IL-4 stimulation of growth of the long term T cell line HT-2 also appears to be independent of the action of IL-2. No IL-2 mRNA is fond in IL-4-stimulated HT-2 cells by Northern blotting; the response of HT-2 cells to IL-4 is not blocked by anti-IL-2R antibodies; the response of HT-2 cells to IL-4 is not inhibited by cyclosporin A. Although IL-4 stimulation of T cells is independent of IL-2, IL-4 plus PMA treatment of resting T cells does cause enhanced expression of IL-2R and prepares cells to proliferate to IL-2 alone. In both these properties IL-4 resembles IL-2. These experiments lead us to conclude that IL-4 can act as an alternative to IL-2 as authentic T cell growth factor.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1988|
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