Image-Based Deep Neural Network for Individualizing Radiotherapy Dose Is Transportable Across Health Systems

James Randall, P. Troy Teo, Bin Lou, Jainil Shah, Jyoti Patel, Ali Kamen, Mohamed E. Abazeed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: We developed a deep neural network that queries the lung computed tomography-derived feature space to identify radiation sensitivity parameters that can predict treatment failures and hence guide the individualization of radiotherapy dose. In this article, we examine the transportability of this model across health systems. METHODS: This multicenter cohort-based registry included 1,120 patients with cancer in the lung treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy. Pretherapy lung computed tomography images from the internal study cohort (n = 849) were input into a multitask deep neural network to generate an image fingerprint score that predicts time to local failure. Deep learning (DL) scores were input into a regression model to derive iGray, an individualized radiation dose estimate that projects a treatment failure probability of < 5% at 24 months. We validated our findings in an external, holdout cohort (n = 271). RESULTS: There were substantive differences in the baseline patient characteristics of the two study populations, permitting an assessment of model transportability. In the external cohort, radiation treatments in patients with high DL scores failed at a significantly higher rate with 3-year cumulative incidences of local failure of 28.5% (95% CI, 19.8 to 37.8) versus 10.2% (95% CI, 5.9 to 16.2; hazard ratio, 3.3 [95% CI, 1.74 to 6.49]; P < .001). A model that included DL score alone predicted treatment failures with a concordance index of 0.68 (95% CI, 0.59 to 0.77), which had a similar performance to a nested model derived from within the internal cohort (0.70 [0.64 to 0.75]). External cohort patients with iGray values that exceeded the delivered doses had proportionately higher rates of local failure (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Our results support the development and implementation of new DL-guided treatment guidance tools in the image-replete and highly standardized discipline of radiation oncology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e2200100
JournalJCO Clinical Cancer Informatics
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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