Imaging assessment of cardioprotection mediated by a dodecafluoropentane oxygen-carrier administered during myocardial infarction

Zhonglin Liu*, Christy Barber, Akash Gupta, Li Wan, Young Wook Won, Lars R. Furenlid, Qin Chen, Ankit A. Desai, Ming Zhao, David A. Bull, Evan C. Unger, Diego R. Martin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Introduction: The objective of this study was to investigate the cardioprotective effects of a dodecafluoropentane (DDFP)-based perfluorocarbon emulsion (DDFPe) as an artificial carrier for oxygen delivery to ischemic myocardium, using 99mTc-duramycin SPECT imaging. Methods: Rat hearts with Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) was prepared by coronary ligation for 45-min followed by reperfusion. The feasibility of 99mTc-duramycin in detecting myocardial I/R injury and its kinetic profile were first verified in the ischemic hearts with 2-h reperfusion (n = 6). DDFPe (0.6 mL/kg) was intravenously administered at 10 min after coronary ligation in fifteen rats and saline was given in thirteen rats as controls. 99mTc-duramycin SPECT images were acquired in the DDFPe-treated hearts and saline controls at 2-h (DDFPe-2 h, n = 7 and Saline-2 h, n = 6) or 24-h (DDFPe-24 h, n = 8 and Saline-24 h, n = 7) of reperfusion. Results: SPECT images, showing “hot-spot” 99mTc-duramycin uptake in the ischemic myocardium, exhibited significantly lower radioactive retention and smaller hot-spot size in the DDFPe-2 h and DDFPe-24 h hearts compared to controls. The infarcts in the Saline-24 h hearts extended significantly relative to measurements in the Saline-2 h. The extension of infarct size did not reach a statistical difference between the DDFPe-2 h and DDFPe-24 h hearts. Ex vivo measurement of 99mTc-duramycin activity (%ID/g) was lower in the ischemic area of DDFPe-2 h and DDFPe-24 h than that of the Saline-2 h and Saline-24 h hearts (P < 0.05). The area of injured myocardium, delineated by the uptake of 99mTc-duramycin, extended more substantially outside the infarct zone in the controls. Conclusions: Significant reduction in myocardial I/R injury, as assessed by 99mTc-duramycin cell death imaging and histopathological analysis, was induced by DDFPe treatment after acute myocardial ischemia. 99mTc-duramycin imaging can reveal myocardial cell death in ischemic hearts and may provide a tool for the non-invasive assessment of cardioprotective interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-77
Number of pages11
JournalNuclear Medicine and Biology
StatePublished - Mar 2019


  • Cell death imaging
  • Dodecafluoropentane perfluorocarbon emulsion
  • Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion
  • Phosphatidylethanolamine
  • Tc-Duramycin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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